Nussbaun::John Rawls and Our Plural Nation
A Nussbaun, de quem eu não gosto lá muito, escreveu um excelente artigo no New York Sun (dica do Walter) que é uma introdução fantástica ao Rawls. E mostra por A+B porque se tu faz filosofia ou teoria moral/política, e tu ignoras Rawls, tu é um analfabeto completo que deveria mudar de área.
Political principles, so understood, will not be separate from the rest of what religious and secular citizens believe. Instead, they will constitute a realm of overlap among all the “comprehensive doctrines” in the envisaged society — at least all those that are “reasonable,” by which Rawls means willing to respect the equal dignity of all citizens. Each religious or secular doctrine will accept the political principles, and the independent moral arguments that ground them, as one part or “module” in their overall view of life, though most at this point will connect them to deeper metaphysical ideas and arguments. At the same time, citizens will also endorse the political conception as the basis for a mutually respectful and reciprocal life with one another. Thus the public realm is a realm in which we join hands and talk a common language. A key part of what we say in that language is that we agree to allow one another plenty of space to pursue the rest of what our sense of life’s meaning requires of us.
Repitam comigo: maior teórico da política do século XX, provavelmente do século XX e XIX, certamente o maior desde Kant.